Why is it so hard to use the word “eczemol” when talking about dog diarrhea medicine?
A dog’s poop is like a treasure trove of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
The antibiotic-resistance of dog poop is the stuff of legend.
In fact, when you search “eczosalemol,” you’ll come across hundreds of articles that talk about it.
A recent report in The New York Times looked into the possibility that dogs are resistant to a new drug-resistant strain of the antibiotic-producing Escherichia coli bacteria.
The authors hypothesized that dogs’ poop was becoming more resistant to antibiotics, and that dogs may have developed resistance because their poop contains antibiotic-free waste products.
“We think this may have been the case,” the authors wrote.
“The antibiotic resistant strain that we tested in our study contained less than 0.0001% of the fecal bacterial load that dogs normally produce.
This is significantly less than the amount of antibiotic that can be produced in a typical dog in the same size stomach.”
So, why would a dog need so much antibiotics to live?
The researchers found that dogs often carry the bacteria responsible for the resistance.
“[They] carry over resistance from their environment, which they might have encountered in a hospital or pet shop, to the hospital, which may be a longer distance from where they live, or even a different location,” Dr. Eric Schatz, a veterinary microbiologist at Duke University, told Business Insider.
It’s also possible that dogs that are resistant have developed other types of resistance, or that they’re living longer in the city.
But the scientists didn’t find any reason for these new types of resistant bacteria to have been present in dogs’ fecal material.
What they did find is that the fecalexins were all around the city, including in people.
And when dogs are living with other dogs in the community, the dogs often share feces.
For example, a study from the University of Utah found that people in New York City and Los Angeles, two areas with large numbers of people with allergies, shared a high rate of antibiotic resistance in the feces of their dogs.
Dr. Schatz told Business Insights that fecalexes in the human poop is probably a big factor in the increased antibiotic resistance.
“If we’re all sharing the same fecal bacteria and they are being transmitted, we should be able to have a higher level of antibiotic use in the population,” he said.
That’s not necessarily a good thing, either.
If dogs have a high chance of contracting E. coli from a person, they’re at a higher risk of contracting MRSA, a deadly bacteria that can cause pneumonia and other serious complications.
This study is just one of several looking at fecalexs in the fecals of dogs.